In the state of Georgia, juveniles are children through the ages of 13 years old and 17 years old. These individuals will be charged as juveniles in court, allowing them to avoid the process that adults go through in litigation. Juveniles may face penalties that can result in them going to a juvenile detention center instead of a prison. This can allow them to rehabilitate in a place where they are surrounded by people of their own age. If their charges are elevated to consider them as an adult, it may be able to have more serious penalties that follow. When they are charged as adults, the consequences they may face can have a more life-changing effect and can be quite serious.
When juveniles commit certain acts of nature, they can be charged as an adult. This can be used to show the severity of their crime and that they need to face penalties that are just as severe. Crimes that can constitute them as an adult can be murder, rape, voluntary manslaughter, armed robbery, aggravated sexual battery, aggravated sotomy and aggravated child molestation. These crimes are acts against nature. They show the violence that this individual has committed. Due to this terrible act, they may be charged as an adult for these cases even if they are in the age range for a juvenile.
Crimes that are categorized as Class A and Class B designated felonies can differ based on the seriousness. The difference between the two categories is the seriousness of the crime and the potential punishments that can come as a result of these crimes. Class A designated felonies include serious crimes like kidnapping, aggravated battery, aggravated assault, arson, attempted murder and more. Class A designated felony convictions can subject a child to up to 60 months in the Department of Juvenile Justice custody. Class B felonies are less serious and include battery, robbery, arson in the second degree and attempted kidnapping. This category can subject a child to an initial period of detention not to exceed 36 months.
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