What is the Difference Between Theft and Robbery in Georgia?

It is against the law to take another’s property or possessions without permission. This can be seen in cases of theft or robbery crimes. While the two concepts seem similar, it is important to know that there is a main difference between the two. The difference between theft and robbery is that robbery involves the use of force or intimidation. It is because of this that robbery is often a more serious crime than theft. The differences between the two charges are outlined below.

Theft Crimes

The state of Georgia defines theft as when a person unlawfully takes or appropriates any property of another with the intention of depriving them of the property. The statute identifies many different forms of the crime. This can include theft by taking, shoplifting, deceptions, conversion, and theft of services or lost/mislaid property.

The consequences of most theft charges are dependent on the amount or value of the stolen property. Most theft charges for property that is valued less than $500 are considered misdemeanors. This can result in up to a year in prison and up to a $1000 fine. Other charges may be considered felonies, which can result in series jail time. This can include the following instances:

  • Theft of property greater than $500
  • Theft of a gravesite
  • Theft of a motor vehicle valued over $100
  • A breach of a fiduciary relationship
  • Subsequent theft charges
  • Theft while acting as a telemarketer
  • Theft of a firearm or explosive

Robbery Crimes

Robbery occurs in the state of Georgia when a person takes money or property from another against their will. This is done through violence, force, intimidation, threats, etc. It is important to know that these charges can be upgraded in the event that of armed robbery with a weapon or robbery of a pharmacy. The consequences of these charges are as follows:

  • Robbery: A felony charge that can result in one to 20 years in prison. If the victim is older than 65 years old, the offender may be subject to five to 20 years in prison.
  • Armed Robbery: A felony charge that can result in five to 20 years in prison.
  • Robbery of a Pharmacy: If someone was intentionally injured during the robbery, the minimum sentence is 15 years in prison. If not, the minimum sentence is 10 years in prison.

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